The Manitoba case study provides an example of ILM
where the main policy driver is First Nations’
forestry. With our existing partners, Natural Resources
Canada (Canadian Forest Service) and Manitoba Conservation,
we will study the evolution of the Southern Hardwood
Development Project (SHDP) in Manitoba’s east
side forests. In this case study, the goal of the Manitoba
government – to expand the provincial forest industry
through aboriginal participation – is constrained
by a series of historic policy legacies involving treaty
and other aboriginal rights as well as historically
low levels of involvement from First Nations in resource
development. The new policy direction depends on successfully
combining current policies and future policy developments
into a coherent and integrated framework.
Since the initial discussions with our federal and
provincial government partners, progress with the SHDP
has gone ahead on the ground with the announcement that
the industry lead will be taken by Ainsworth Lumber.
Ainsworth has committed to building a engineered wood
products facility that will run on chips from wood harvested
by a consortium of 13 First Nations operating a forest
management licence on provincial Crown land.
In the first year of the grant, the research team is
committed to developing links with the First Nations
involved and with Ainsworth. In the second year of the
project, the team will be on the ground looking at the
lessons learned from the interaction of the SHDP with
the existing regulatory and approvals process –
including the involvement of the Clean Environment Commission
– and assessing any proposed changes that are
intended to improve integration between and across all
levels of government.
The Manitoba project team will be led by project collaborator
Dr. Adam Wellstead of the Canadian Forest Service’s
Northern Forestry Centre with support from Professor
Chris Tollefson and students from the University of
Victoria Faculty of Law. The ILM project team acknowledges
the generous in-kind contribution of staff time and
other resources that the Canadian Forest Service has
donated to this case study.